Comprehensive Oilgae Report

A detailed report on all aspects of the algae fuel value chain, the Comprehensive Oilgae Report will be of immense help to those who are on the threshold of investing in algae biofuels. More ››

Algae-based Wastewater Treatment

Compiled by a diverse team of experts, with experience in scientific and industrial fields, the Comprehensive Report for Wastewater Treatment Using Algae is the first report that provides in-depth analysis and insights on this important field. It uses innumerable data and information from a wide variety of expert sources and market studies, and distills these inputs and data into intelligence and a roadmap that you can use. More ››

Comprehensive Guide for Algae-based Carbon Capture

A Comprehensive Guide for Entrepreneurs and Businesses Who Wish to get a Basic Understanding of the Business Opportunities and Industry Dynamics of the Algae-based CO2. More ››


Comprehensive Report on Attractive Algae Product Opportunities

This is for entrepreneurs and businesses who wish to get a basic understanding of the algae fuel business and industrThe report provides an overview of the wide range of non-fuel applications of algae – both current and future prospects. It will provide entrepreneurs with an idea of how to derive more benefits from their algal energy ventures. The report provides detailed case studies, success stories and factoids of companies that have been involved in the algae products venture. More ››

Comprehensive Castor Oil Report

There is no other comprehensive report available for castor oil anywhere in the world. This is the first of its kind, and currently, the only one. More ››

Bioplastics Market & Strategy Advisor

Bioplastics Market & Strategy Advisor, published by the Bioplastics Guide, is a unique guiding framework for businesses and entrepreneurs to chart a way forward provides a critical analysis of the status, opportunities & trends of the global bioplastics sector. More ››

Algae - Food and Feed

Edible Sea-weeds 

Hydrocolloids

Animal and Fish Feed

Algae-Useful Substances

Pigments

PUFAs

Vitamins

Anti-oxidants


Algae for Pollution Control

Other Novel Applications

Carrageenan from Algae


Carrageenan is extracted from species of red seaweeds. This cell wall hydrocolloid is extracted with water under neutral or alkaline conditions at elevated temperature. Carrageenan is a multifunctional ingredient and it behaves differently in water and in milk systems. In water it shows typical hydrocolloid properties of thickening and gelling, while in milk systems it also has the property of reacting with proteins to furnish additional stabilizing abilities. Based on the gelling properties and protein reactivity, the carrageen family can be distinguished commercially into three main classes:

  • Kappa carrageenan - Kappa carrageenan is the most commonly used type of carrageenan. Its most important properties are its high gel strength and strong interaction with milk proteins. About 70% of the world’s carrageenan production is based on kappa carrageenan. Itforms firm gels in the presence of potassium ions.
  • Iota carrageenan -Iota carrageenan is a type of carrageenan with a sulphate content intermediate between kappa and lambda carrageenan. Iota carrageenan forms an elastic gel with good freeze thaw and re healing properties. It forms elastic gels and thixotropic fluids in the presence of calcium ions.
  • Lambda carrageenan- Lambda carrageenan is a highly sulphated type of carrageenan mainly used for its ability to impart mouth feel and a creamy sensation to dairy products. Lambda carrageenan does not gel. Commercially it is supplied as it is extracted from the Seaweed which is as a kappa / lambda mixture. It forms viscous, non-gelling solutions

Species of strains used for making carrageenan:

·         Chondrus crispus

·         Gigartina skottsbergii

·         Gigartina stellata

·         Eucheuma cottonii

·         Eucheuma spinosum

·         Hypnea  musciformis

·         Furcellaran species