Pesquera San Jos? plans to produce biofuels from brown algae (Macrocystis pyrifera), better known as huiro.
With this objective in mind, the company is now co-developing the InnovaChile project BAL Biofuels, a consortium of biotechnology research, development and innovation (I D i).
Following an amendment to the technical project 'Macrocystis pyrifera culture in a suspended system' - sent to Conama Los Lagos on 21 September, Pesquera San Jos? projects this as "an opportunity for diversification based on technological possibilities to generate biofuel from brown seaweed farming," reads the Environmental Impact Statement (DIA).
The initiative "aims to promote aquaculture for species with high commercial expectations, and a low environmental impact in mass production due to the beneficial contribution it generates by reducing levels of carbon dioxide (CO2)," adds the statement.
The project will be implementated in the commune of Curaco de Velez, in the province of Chilo?, Regi?n de Los Lagos.
The consortium, formed by Bal Chile, ENAP, the University of Los Lagos and Architecture Lab, aims to develop programs based on macroalgae, using fermentation technology developed by Bio Architecture Lab Inc. (BAL).
According to a report by Diario Financiero, the obtained biofuels and chemical products will be used in the country as a source of renewable and sustainable energy.
BAL, which is based in America, founded the subsidiary BAL Chile in November 2009, and through it began to cultivate 100 hectares of seaweed on the island of Chilo?, in order to produce biofuel.
Investers of the project will put forward USD 5 million, which will include the construction of a pilot plant in the Region of Los Lagos, where the seaweed will be used to produce ethanol.
Meanwhile, last week a project began which is financially supported by the Chilean government, that aims to promote the diversification of the energy matrix by producing biofuels from microalgae.
The main objective of the initiative is to develop the production of algae to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and to obtain competitively priced oils for biodiesel production.
The project is being developed by the Bioscan in the Antofagasta region, with InnovaChile of the Corporation for the Promotion of Production (CORFO), which facilitated CLP 323 million (USD 647,000).
Solazyme just recently delivered 20,000 gallons to the US NavY. That was supposed to be a record for the largest quantum of algae biofuel ?delivery, ever done.
Now, they have signed up a deal with DOD, for 150,000 gallons.?
We are excited by the new DoD contract which calls for much larger volumes of Soladiesel?HRF-76 Renewable Naval Distillate fuel, and view its signing on the heels of our successful delivery as strong validation of Solazyme?s technology and of our prospects to provide meaningful quantities of low carbon fuels for our national defense.
Says the CEO Jonathan Wolfsonhttp://www.bio.org/pacrim/program/plenary_program.asp Bio-Lipidos and utility AEE have joined towards producing clean fuel from the marine micro-algae found in tropical waters. Puerto Rico will soon be having a plant for generating clean fuel from marine micro-algae. This biofuel plant is algae-based and will be constructed in the northern region of Puerto Rico.
The Electric Power Authority (AEE) and Bio-L?pidos have announced a USD 10 million investment to build a plant to produce clean fuel from tropical marine microalgae.
According to Miguel Cordero, executive director of the AEE, the factory will give a "solution for future problems in Puerto Rico."
"The goal is to produce fuel to generate energy in Puerto Rico. We have the knowledge and skills, but previously lacked the desire to do so," said the businessman.
The plant will be built in an area roughly eight million square metres in size, to be located in Dorado and Toa Baja, on the north coast of the country, reports the EFE news agency.
Cordero expects that the new facility will produce around six million litres of fuel during its first year of activity. Puerto Rico is embarking on a test project for converting algae to oil as part of a campaign to lessen the U.S. territory's dependence on expensive imported oil.
A local company running the program that was announced last Thursday said it expects to harvest eight types of algae from more than 2,000 acres (809 hectares) at an abandoned shrimp farm it is taking over in the northern coastal city of Dorado.
Puerto Rico's power company, the Electric Energy Authority, will mix the algae oil produced by the project with diesel and other types of fuel to produce electricity, agency spokesman Carlos Monroig said.
The goal is to produce more than 2 million gallons of oil a year.
"This is a first step," Monroig said.
We have to lower the price of fuel and power.
Puerto Rico depends on oil-fired power plants for 70 percent of its electricity, and the government has been seeking alternate energy sources, including natural gas.
Bio-Lipids of Puerto Rico, the company running the algae conversion project, said it expects to begin harvesting algae in four months and start extracting oil from the microorganisms in eight months.
Workers will infuse the algae fields with carbon dioxide gas extracted from the Bacardi rum company's fermentation process and from the state power authority's electricity plants.
Company CEO Jorge Gaskins said he has done small-scale algae projects in Brazil and the United States over the past six years.
The yearlong project is budgeted at $10 million, but the first phase is starting with $1.6 million.
Puerto Rico's energy authority has pledged $1 million, and $600,000 has been put up by the National Science Foundation, Bacardi and several universities, Gaskins said.
By Anna Austin
A regional renewable jet fuel collaboration has been formed to assess four Pacific Northwest statesWashington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana to determine biomass feedstock growth, harvest, refining and transport options in relation to sustainable aviation fuel production.
Washington State University will lead the Sustainable Aviation Fuels Northwest project. Other partners include Alaska Airlines, Boeing, Port of Seattle, Port of Portland and Spokane International Airport. Research will include an analysis of biofuel feedstocks native to the Pacific Northwest, including algae, oilseeds such as camelina and woody biomass.
The project will identify potential pathways and actions to make aviation biofuel commercially available to airlines servicing the Pacific Northwest.
Heliae Development LLC has signed a 60-month lease at the 202 Business Park in Gilbert. Heliae is a spinoff company that started as part of the algae-based technology program at Arizona State University's Polytechnic campus in Mesa.
WSU, under the leadership of Vice President John Gardner, has been working with Boeing, the U.S. Air Force, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, Targeted Growth, Weyerhauser, Tesoro and others on an aviation biofuels effort for a couple of years, according to WSU Agricultural Research Center Director Ralph Cavalieri.
"The first part of the project was to engage in the discussions among the partners so that a demand for the biofuel would be created," he said.
The company is developing a technically viable process to produce aviation fuel from algae.
The 202 Business Park at 614 E. Germann Road is a 269,000-square-feet, 11-building complex, which sits on 27 acres. The property is now 60 percent leased. The Heliae deal is the 13th transaction at the business park in the past 18 months, according to Cushman & Wakefield officials.
Lisa Gibson again on the Algal Dream Team.
A team of researchers at the University of Southampton in England is looking for the most cost-effective, low-energy methods for carbon enrichment in algae cultivation.
The two most probable sources are pure carbon dioxide from industrial processes such as fermentation, and flue gas from emitters such as power stations, according to Charles Banks, professor of environmental biotechnology at the university.
Next to light, carbon is probably the most limiting factor in restricted algae productivity, he says. Our part is really to say, well, we accept that light is limiting, let's make sure no other factors are limiting within this system.' And carbon is the first on the list.
The university's project is part of the Carbon Trust's Algae Biofuels Challenge, a two-phase initiative with the first phase, fundamental research and development, focusing on five key areas:
maximizing solar conversion efficiency;
achieving high oil yield and high productivity;
sustaining cultivation in open ponds;
and optimizing engineering strategies.
These areas were identified as the largest barriers to algal biofuels production by a team of algae experts with decades of research under their belts. Twelve separate project teams are each assigned to one of the five areas, collaborating toward a main goal.
Phase one will be followed by phase two, a scale-up of the breakthroughs established in the first phase.
The Carbon Trust has dubbed its 12 teams from 11 U.K. institutions the "dream team." Unveiled in 2008 and granted 8 million ($12.6 million) for the three years dedicated to phase one, the dream team includes more than 70 algae scientists who together will find a winning formula for the production of 70 billion liters (18.5 billion gallons) of algae biofuel by 2030.
"Ultimately what we're looking at is getting an 80 percent carbon reduction," Penfold says. "In the duration of the project,
we're looking to get a productivity of about 20,000 liters of oil per hectare (2.47 acres) per year."
More than 80 applications were reviewed before the 12 projects were chosen for participation in the Algae Biofuels Challenge and on average each team was awarded about ?500,000 for their phase one research.
"Our focus on phase one has been to develop technologies to reduce the cost of production,? explains Ben Graziano, a project leader with Carbon Trust.
Graziano emphasizes the collaboration aspect of the challenge and the fact that, while different teams may be assigned to the same key focus area, they?ll have different strategies for going about their research.
Although we have these distinct projects, in fact what we've created is a program where the sum is greater than each of the individual parts."
Through the contracts of the program, the Carbon Trust has licenses to the individual intellectual properties of the teams' projects, allowing their research to be passed among the teams, each one building from the work of the one before.
"This is quite a novel technique and what it allowed us to do in effect was bring on board a large number of universities," Graziano says.
Currently, the most expertise in algal biofuel technologies is at universities, as development is in such early stages, he adds.
After the three-year fundamental research and development phase is over, the Carbon Trust plans to build a large pilot facility to demonstrate the findings of the dream team, further refining techniques found optimal by the researchers.
"With this particular technology area, it's vitally important that you not only do the research in a lab, but that you demonstrate that you can translate the technologies you've developed to outdoors and demonstrate them on a very, very large scale," Graziano says.
No site has been determined for the pilot facility, but one thing is certain: the U.K. is not ideal for such a project, as open ponds for cultivating algae would need temperatures of at least 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit).
"We're looking at growing them in sea water, so it'd be close to coastal regions and where that sort of water would be available," Penfold says.
The Carbon Trust has access to facilities for algae cultivation in southern Spain, Graziano says, and is working with partners there to build ponds to test the strains the dream team finds.
"We believe what we need is some relatively small ponds in a near-optimal location,"he says. In those ponds, the researchers will use CO2 from canisters, but building a pond next to an industrial emitter is ideal, he adds.
"As we scale up in phase two and we look to build a pilot-scale facility of up to 10 hectares (24 acres) in scale, we will be looking to site the facility next to a source of carbon dioxide," Graziano explains.
The Carbon Trust has experimented with both concentrated sources of carbon and flue gas, and while Graziano says the yield is better with a concentrated source, there are high costs associated with fractioning off the carbon in flue gas. "So that has to be weighed against all the other factors to determine the most economically viable route, " he says.
In general, flue gas is the best carbon source, according to Banks because it couples algae cultivation with carbon capture, although the source will depend on the amount of carbon dioxide in the gas stream. Power stations could be required to capture their carbon dioxide emissions in the near future, likely mandating concentration of the CO2 in flue gas and resulting in a pure carbon source, which would be ideal for algae cultivation. "We've got to watch what happens in terms of the legislative drivers," Banks says. "I think power companies will be a source of CO2."
Banks and fellow University of Southampton researchers saw a correlation between the Algae Biofuels Challenge and their own extensive work with algae in wastewater treatment plants. "It was quite an attractive project for us to become involved in, particularly the opportunity to work with the other groups on this exciting science," he says.
Ten years after NREL?s Aquatic Species Program was shut down, a similar initiative began and now is thriving in its algae research, which includes the evaluation of CO2 recycling.By Lisa Gibson
Between 1978 and 1996, the Aquatic Species Program at the U.S. DOE?s National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Colorado expanded the biofuel portfolio beyond ethanol through its research on freshwater plants, wetland emergents and, of course, algae. That work eventually focused on biodiesel from microalgae, but the entire program was terminated due to low petroleum prices and the projected high costs of algal biofuel production.
But with increases in oil prices, piqued interest in greenhouse gas mitigation and aggressive energy security goals have come a renewed interest in algal biofuel research, and thus the restart of the program, or something similar to it.
http://www.biomassmagazine.com/article.jsp?article_id=4079&q=&page=all Ted Aulich, senior research manager at the EERC, spoke of the reality of 50 cents to $1 a gallon green diesel from nonfood crop oil, and Tom Allnutt of Phycal LLC described a 40-acre algae plant being built now in Hawaii to produce more than 100,000 gallons per year of renewable jet fuel.
In stark contrast to processing typical terrestrially grown biomass, a panel discussion was devoted to algae as a feedstock for bioenergy. Dave Haberman from IF LLC argued that native algae species exist for bioenergy purposes and genetically modified algae is not worth the risk. Allnutt countered that genetically modified strains can be controlled given the proper safeguards.
More about non algae bio mass http://www.biomassmagazine.com/article.jsp?article_id=4054