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Botryococcus braunii - a Potential Source for Biofuel? 33

Botryococcus braunii belong to the species Cholorophyceae. These colony-forming green Microalga live in both fresh water and brackish water environments.

These species possess unique characteristics of sequestering long-chain liquid hydrocarbon to the Extracellular Matrix to afford buyoancy.

Its been reported that these species contain about 30-40% of Hydrocarbon on a dry weight basis.

Botryococcus braunii produce phenotopically distinct 'races' or 'isolates', A,B and L. These isolates are distinct from each other based on the type of oil they produce.

Of importance, Race B are Isoprenoid compounds termed 'Botryococcenes', which are a very promising source of Alternative Biofuel.

The process of converting these Botryoccoccenes to fuel is through Caustic Hydrolysis, and they are suitable for internal combustion engine.They play a key role as significant Biofuel.

Extensive Research are still going on to find the genes involved in the metabolic pathway responsible for Hydrocarbon Synthesis.
Tue April 06 2010 06:10:32 AM by Rumana Botryococcenes  |  Hydrocarbon Sybthesis  |  isolates 3202 views
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