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Photosynthesis is the highly efficient process that algaes and diatoms use to convert sunlight and carbon dioxide into sugars and other chemicals. Pigments in green plants and certain bacteria are able to capture energy from sunlight and pigment-protein complexes are then able to transfer the energy into reaction centers at lightning speeds with near 100% efficiency. Recent research has found that the solar photons cause electronic oscillations in the closely packed pigment-protein complex, inducing similar electronic oscillations in the reaction centers. The wavelike oscillations occur on the scale of millionths of a billionth of a second, and take advantage of the unique physics of quantum mechanics, which governs the behavior of atoms, photons, and other subatomic particles. The wavelike quality of the oscillations allows them to simultaneously sample all the potential energy transfer pathways in the photosynthetic system and choose the most efficient. This is the reason for the fast and efficient energy transfer within the photosynthetic system.

Photosynthesis depends on Quantum Entanglement: The wavelike oscillations are sustained in the pigment-protein complex through quantum entanglement, a phenomenon that occurs between two subatomic particles, such as electrons. Electrons are often created in pairs, with one electron having a positive spin, the other having a negative spin. According to quantum mechanics, the spin of each electron is not fixed until it is measured, existing instead as a probability of either choice. Once the spin of one electron is measured, the other electron instantaneously assumes the opposite spin, because the two are entangled at a quantum level.

Quantum Entanglement is present across the entire light harvesting complex and sustains the wavelike oscillations. This Research intends to examine and quantify the 'effect' in a real biological system; the ?PAR-MAXtm PhotoBioReactor? provides means for the Application of ?*Accelerated Articicial Photosynthesis.?

Frank Cipriani

BioFarms Hawaii LLC

Tue September 21 2010 11:58:58 PM by Palani Industrial-scale Alga Production Lines 3959 views

Comments - 7

  • Wed September 22 2010 05:10:56 AM

    Sounds pretty interesting.

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  • Sun September 26 2010 02:02:16 PM

    Frank, your excellant post set me to thinking.

    I wonder if algae evolved for most of their existence under rather low light (energy) conditions. High CO2 and high temperatures and cloudy skies. I just thought of this: If the conditions on land were right, algae may have been more terrestial than aquatic. Algae only left the land for the safty of a water environment when the Oxygen level in the atmosphere started going up, the skies cleared, and the sun was too bright for their liking. So they mostly left the terra ferma for the water world.

    Now, to get to the point I really want to discuss.

    In all this quantum idea you discuss above, and it is very interesting, I wonder if we should be thinking of light in a very different way. Maybe the old way of thinking of light is something like "more is better". The new way is on a quantum basis. Just the right amount, at the right time, at the right wave lenght, etc.

    So the recipe for keeping algae 'happy' with light is to give them the 'perfect' dose on a quantum basis.

    Quality not Quanity!

    So maybe we should be thinking of light as a catalyst.???

    What do you think?

    Alan Schaefer

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  • Sun September 26 2010 03:06:00 PM

    Alan Schaefer !
    That was brilliant !

    You are not just a mathematician. Not just a microbiologist.

    You can even be a historian, as you are able to tie up the past of millions and millions of years with your logic. Great thought process.

    We the algologists have tried putting algae under different types of stresses and sure would have tried various lighting levels too . isnt it?

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  • Palani wrote:
    Sun September 26 2010 08:43:15 PM

    Aloha Alan & Mia,

    Absolute control of ALL the PBRs' inputs, including: light-value (PAR) and Irradiation-Duration essential for experiments in accelerating applied phycology.

    Alan: Your example of "cloudy-skies" can be related to the "flashing-light effect", known to accelerate alga growth. Light-value: PAR-400nm-700nm (visible-light) in commonly accepted in the Art as useful in photosynthesis, UV & Infrared known to trigger "Inhibition-response" in the biomass,...intense bombardment causing cell-death.
    Small abounts of UV & Infrared wavelengths (ex. 380nm-730nm) useful in triggering responses in the cells on a molecular-level for; stress-resistance, accelerated-growth factors, health & robustness.

    Other methods for "tinkering" with the Applied-Phycology & manipulating cell-metabolism inside a PBR are; medium-nutrient inputs, N-deprivation, mixed-gas & trace-chemical-inputs, to name a few.

    Other PBR inputs: Selected frequencies of the EElectromagnetic Spectrum (BFH R&D).

    Quality is vital. I'm targeting 'pharmaceutical-grade' alga products.

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  • Sun September 26 2010 09:41:00 PM

    I rememberd having read a blog by Parkavi sometime recently. I searched in our clubwebsite and got this from there.


    Sureshkumar and Wani have discovered a method to make algae,
    which can be used in the production of biofuels, grow faster by
    manipulating light particles through the use of nanobiotechnology.

    By creating accelerated
    photosynthesis, algae will grow faster with minimal change in the
    ecological resources required.

    This method is highlighted in the August
    2010 issue of Nature Magazine.

    The SU team has developed a new bioreactor that can enhance algae
    growth. They accomplished this by utilizing nanoparticles that
    selectively scatter blue light, promoting algae metabolism.

    When the
    optimal combination of light and confined nanoparticle suspension
    configuration was used, the team was able to achieve growth enhancement
    of an algae sample of greater than 30 percent as compared to a control.



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  • Shankar wrote:
    Sun September 26 2010 10:42:04 PM

    How is light controlled in open raceway ponds ?

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  • Palani wrote:
    Thu December 09 2010 05:25:44 AM

    Aloha Alan,

    "What I think is; that you are very astute."

    Mia; Mahalo for the refs. I read Parkavi's comments with interest. Here's a link to an organization that I'm partnering with that he may be familiar with: http://www.omnigreen2020.com 


    Best Regards,




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