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Algae and biolamp !



Peter Horvath of Hungary, has designed the Biolamp,
a public street lamp (though I suppose one could use it in one’s yard or on
one’s estate just as well) that lights your way, cleans your air and makes
biofuel.





The idea is that an entire city would implement these lamps that not only absorb CO2 from the atmosphere, but grow and use algae to clean that air, emit clean oxygen back into the atmosphere and also take the CO2-filled algae back to an extraction plant to turn it into fuel. Holy cow.

Read more: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/biolamp-and-bioplastics.html#ixzz1CaZQ2elA











Read more: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/biolamp-and-bioplastics.html#ixzz1CaYuM6UE
Mon January 31 2011 05:44:22 AM by Arden 27 biolamp from algae  |  algae biolamp  |  Peter hovarth

$140 Oil and $5 Gas

(Llewellyn King is executive producer and host of "White House Chronicle" on PBS. His e-mail is lking@kingpublishing.com .)
 
 
According to a loosely-organized apocalyptic Christian movement, May 21, 2011 will be the "end of days." 
 
On or about that same date, the price of oil in the United States will begin to climb to $4 a gallon, according to two savants of the oil industry.
 
The former is highly unlikely but the latter is very probable.
 
The escalation in the price of oil is predicted by the legendary oil man T. Boone Pickens, known for his financial acuity as well as his oil expertise, and John Hofmeister, who retired as president of Shell Oil Company, to sound the alarm about the rate of U.S. consumption of oil.
 
Interested in knowing WHO, HOW and WHY ? read more http://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Who-How-and-Why-$140-Oil-and-$5-Gas.html
Fri January 14 2011 05:54:43 AM by Arden oil  |  oil price  |  gas

Algae extraction technology by Origin Oil

Algae extraction technology by Origin Oil


Riggs Eckelberry, OriginOil CEO, says "No one company is going to do it all, and that's why we have decided to focus on extraction, a highly specialized technology that we can embed in algae production systems worldwide."


 


They are wanting to commercialise their products.


 


OriginOil has developed three extraction processes: Single Step Extraction, Live Extraction and the Hydrogen Harvester.


.


 


The Hydrogen Harvester is OriginOil's most recent development. It is a continuous, passive extraction system for removing hydrogen gas from algae. It is also at the prototype stage and further developments are expected in 2011.


more http://www.istockanalyst.com/article/viewiStockNews/articleid/4803960


Link : http://www.istockanalyst.com/article/viewiStockNews/articleid/4803960
Fri January 14 2011 05:45:39 AM by Arden Origin oil  |  oil extraction  |  harvestor

Ten algae ventures selected

Ten  interesting Algae ventures as selected by a environmental-expert.com


1.        Sapphire Energy


2.       Solazyme


3.        Joule


4.       Aurora


5.       PetroAlgae


6.        Algenol


7.       Origin Oil


8.       Phycal


9.       NAABB


10.   Photon8


 Details at http://www.environmental-expert.com/resultEachPressRelease.aspx?cid=9252&codi=219546

Fri January 14 2011 03:12:38 AM by Arden 5 ten algae companies  |  Sapphire Energy  |  Solazyme  |  Joule  |  Aurora  |  PetroAlgae  |  Algenol  |  Origin Oil  |  Phycal  |  NAABB  |  Photon8

Ethanol industry is watching closely ......!

The ethanol industry wants the Government's committment to continue. They want the incentives to be extended.
 

http://www.ethanolrfa.org/exchange/entry/extending-key-tax-policies-critical-during-lame-duck/?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=VEETC Leadership letter&utm_content=VEETC Leadership letter CID_c6572961095b791035d55b41c2e57fa9&utm_source=Email marketing software&utm_term=here

http://domesticfuel.com/2010/11/16/ethanol-industry-watches-closely-as-lame-duck-session-kicks-off-in-dc/

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jeff-simmons/urge-lame-duck-congress-t_b_784175.html
Wed November 17 2010 03:36:48 AM by Arden ethanol industry

Book Review: Power Hungry By Robert Rapier

Robert Rapier has been in our news in the recent past. Here is his book review although there is nothing directly about algae in it. I guess the book may have something about algae as something that can replace fossil fuels.
read more here

The book is divided into four parts. In Part I, "Our Quest for Power", Bryce puts our energy usage into context. He spends some time explaining different units of energy ? what they are, what they mean, where they came from, and how to convert them ? and then attempts to convey the scale of our energy usage to readers. Bryce demonstrates a very good comprehension of the issues of scale and energy density. Part I is not controversial and will be very educational for many people.


In Part II, Bryce starts getting into ?The Myths of 'Green' Energy." The discussions in Part II focus on wind and solar power, T. Boone Pickens, Denmark, energy efficiency, electric cars, cellulosic ethanol, carbon taxes, and carbon dioxide sequestration. (For balance, I would like to see "Myths of Fossil Energy.") He touches upon practically every renewable energy media darling, but his wind power critique was especially pointed (more below).


Part III, "The Power of N2N", discusses the the future, which Bryce believes will be dominated by a continuing movement toward natural gas and nuclear power. Finally in Part IV, "Moving Forward", Bryce puts forth some ideas on policies that would result in a more ?forward-looking? energy policy.
Tue October 12 2010 08:52:51 AM by Arden Robert Rapier  |  power hungry  |  book review

Solazyme CEO clarifies on Price !!

Solazyme CEO Jonathan Wolfson, writes to Robert Rapier of Rsquared. He clarifies on the price of the 15,000 gallon  sale made by Solazyme  and recent order Solazyme got for 200,000 gallons.
In both cases the price includes the cost of R and D done by Solazyme.
====================
However read on


Prior to publishing the previous essay, U.S. Navy Pays Big Bucks for Biofuels, the editor for Consumer Energy Report asked why I didn?t go with a more descriptive title like "U.S. Navy Pays $425 per Gallon for Biofuels."

 I told him that the reason I didn?t is that the source clearly said that some of the money was for R&D, and there was really no way to know how much. The information given for the second contract didn?t indicate that there was any R&D money involved, and the calculated price was much lower.



Still, I considered that there were some other details of the contract that weren?t public, which is why I just said Big Bucks instead of specifying a cost in the title.


To me there were two key takeaways from those contracts. One was that whether the real price the navy is paying for fuel is $425 or $133 or $67 per gallon, the costs are clearly not yet down in the range that some of the hypesters claim.

That doesn't mean they will never get there, but they aren?t there yet. I have seen numerous claims algal fuel at $3 or $2 or even lower per gallon.

If that was the case, then the navy wouldn't need to throw in R&D money to get the fuel they need. They would just contract with the companies who can make it for $3 a gallon.

But the second takeaway was that regardless of what the real price was, Solazyme is actually delivering decent quantities of fuel. As I have written before, their approach is different than most, and I am not betting against them being eventually successful. (Ironically, I have defended their approach at times against some of their critics).


Following the previous essay, I received an e-mail from Solazyme CEO Jonathan Wolfson who wanted to clarify the details around the navy contract. The main takeaway was that because of the R&D focus, the costs weren?t really as high as I (and others have) suggested.

He also discussed their approach and some of their milestones (100,000 gallons in 2010 ? I am unaware of another algal fuel company that can make this claim).

His e-mail is published in full below, with his permission.

?????????-

Hi Robert,

I don?t believe we have met [RR note: That is correct; but I did meet with Solazyme's President and CTO Harrison Dillon at last year's Pacific Rim Summit], but I have been reading and enjoying your blog for quite some time.

 In your most recent post: U.S. Navy Pays Big Bucks for Biofuels, you spend some time commenting on Solazyme?s work with the U.S. Navy and the costs associated with those projects. One of the reasons that I have been a frequent reader of your blog is because of the incredibly sophisticated understanding you have regarding technology viability, scalability and risk assessment.

That said, I wanted to take a moment to address your summary paragraph regarding our work with the Navy. You wrote:

"$8.5 million for 20,000 gallons comes to exactly $425/gallon. $200,000 for 1500 gallons is $133/gallon. What does this mean? I believe that it means nobody else could deliver the quantity and quality of fuel the navy was looking for at a cheaper price.

 Oddly enough, Wolfson is also quoted in that article as saying they "are quite close" to their target of $60 to $80 per barrel. If that?s the case, why is the navy paying hundreds of dollars per gallon for the fuel?"



I wanted to clarify that the $8.5 million contract is actually an R&D contract that also includes a fuel delivery. Since that funding is directed to R&D and includes a delivery of fuel, it is inaccurate to divide the contract price by the number of gallons delivered to get to a dollar per gallon figure (as done above).

We also announced a new contract with DoD and the Navy in September following on the heels of the successful delivery of the 20k gallon contract, which is also an R&D contract and includes a delivery of 150,000 gallons of fuel to the Navy. That contract is valued at a little over $10 million, but like the previous contract is not dividable into a per gallon price because of the R&D focus. Even though these contracts include R&D, you should also assume that the actual fuel production cost (which we do not publish), is currently above commercial costs.


Based on your writings, I am sure you would understand that currently we are tolling both the fermentation and downstream equipment to do this work. The tolling includes substantial profits for the facility owners, along with higher pricing for raw materials, and the equipment we are using, which was build decades ago to run other processes is not sized appropriately for a true "fuels scale" plant.


These realities lead to higher than commercial costs. When I made the comment about being near our target of $60 ? $80 dollar per barrel production cost, I was referring to our current productivities and process, running in an appropriately sized fit-for-purpose plant, sited at a feedstock source.

I know you appreciate how difficult it is to try to bring new technology to the world, and unlike many other companies in our space, Solazyme has dedicated many years and many millions of dollars to actually scaling-up our technologies and producing real volumes of in-spec fuels.


Even in our current limited tolling situation, we will produce over 100,000 gallons of fuel and oil in 2010 and substantially more next year. In fact, I don?t know of other companies in this area that even discuss production volumes.

Solazyme is both a for-profit endeavor and a labor of love, and as I am sure you can guess, our current technology was informed by repeated failures before success.

In order to run a company like Solazyme, I need to be an eternal optimist (remembering that Harrison Dillon and I started Solazyme in a garage), but we have also been very pragmatic about hiring the best and brightest scientists/engineers, admitting when we and our science were wrong, and in the process developing a technology that really works, both in scalability and economics.

The scalability and large scale production economics have been tested, tested again, retested, then challenged again before being validated by some of the most sophisticated industrial fermentation companies and engineering firms in the world.

I realize how competitive and political the energy industry is ? but focusing on pre-commercial production costs is misleading.

Thanks again for the blog and keep up the great work.

My best regards,

Jonathan
Mon October 11 2010 02:39:43 PM by Arden 31 solazyme  |  us navy  |  cost

Photoautotrophic Cultivation- Open ponds Vs Photobioreactors

Useful article and I dont know who the author is.
The article leads one on to oilgae.com site.
Arden

Algae-cultivation on a whole faces several challenges. There are two methods of growing algae -  one is the photoautotrophic cultivation  and the other is the  heterotrophic cultivation.


 Photoautotrophic cultivation as the name suggests is cultivating algae in the presence of light ? the light can be either freely available sunlight or artificially provided light.

  Heterotrophic cultivation essentially means  the algae is cultivated in the dark by providing it with some carbon sources such as sugar for its growth.

Photoautotrophic cultivation can be carried out in open-ponds as well as PBR?s . There are many advantages of cultivating photoautotrophic algae in open-ponds- the first being the cost, it is about 7 ? 10 times cheaper than growing algae in a PBR.


Not only that the evaporative cooling maintains the temperature as well. However, its extremely difficult to maintain monocultures by using  open-ponds. Moreover, the control over temperature and sunlight is also not possible.

Photoautotrophic cultivation in a PBR might sound very exciting as  there is much less water loss when compared to open ponds, ability to maintain the cultures for a longer period.


However, if costs are considered, its too much . Cleaning the PBR will also a major issue, the interiors of the PBR must be frequently cleaned due to biofilm formation.   All the more, there are several scaling up challenges as well.

As a result, it remains to be seen which system will be preferred at scale over long periods of operation. Sometimes it will be neither  open-ponds or PBR?s  through the photoautotrophic way, the heterotrophic route might prove successful.
Mon October 11 2010 09:36:23 AM by Arden 14 algae cultivation  |  photoautotrophic cultivation  |  photobiorectors

Algae oil : $ 425 per gallon !!

Rsquared is an energy blog by Rober Rapier
Given below is a copy of his blog
http://www.consumerenergyreport.com/2010/10/08/us-navy-pays-big-bucks-for-biofuels/





On Earth Day, the U.S. Navy conducted a supersonic flight test of the "Green Hornet," an F/A-18 Super Hornet strike fighter jet powered by a 50/50 biofuel blend. (U.S. Navy photo by Kelly Schindler)

The U.S. military is the single biggest consumer of fossil fuels in the world. Because of risks around price and supply security, they are particularly interested in alternatives. As crude oil prices soared in 2008, the Navy saw its annual fuel costs skyrocket to $5.1 billion that year, up from $1.2 billion the prior year.

Jet fuel and diesel can be made from many alternative sources, including algae, camelina, coal (CTL), natural gas (GTL), biomass (BTL), etc. But I always try to stress to people that these alternatives are not cheap. Despite the many predictions that specific companies are going to sell algal fuel for $2/gallon, the real litmus test is actual price paid for fuel. A story this past week provided a data point for jet fuel derived from camelina:

Navy: Alternative fuel needed for security

By 2020, the Navy aims to meet half of its energy needs for ships and planes with renewable energy sources, requiring some 8 million barrels of biofuel.

"That represents a pretty formidable market," Rear Adm. Philip Hart Cullom, director of the Navy?s Energy and Environmental Readiness Division told the Algae Biomass Summit in Phoenix, The Arizona Republic newspaper reports.

Cullom acknowledged that he expects biofuels to remain costlier than traditional fossil fuels for some time.

Last September, the Defense Energy Support Center, which oversees procurement of biofuel for the Navy, paid $2.7 million for 40,000 gallons of camelina-based fuel. That came to about $67.50 per gallon, compared to the typical cost of about $2.94 per gallon for its standard fuel, JP-5.

$67.50 per gallon seems a bit pricey. But the navy paid a lot more than that for algal fuel:

Solazyme bags U.S. Navy contract for green jet fuel

(Reuters) ? U.S. biofuel company Solazyme Inc said on Thursday it will be providing its algae-derived jet fuel to the U.S. Navy for testing and certification.

Privately held Solazyme will sell 1,500 gallons of the green fuel to the U.S. Navy, which is buying fuel from the San Francisco-based company for the second time.


Earlier this month, Solazyme was awarded a separate contract from the Navy to provide research, development and delivery of over 20,000 gallons of renewable algae-derived fuel for use in Navy ships.


The ship fuel contract is worth about $8.5 million while the jet fuel contract was worth about $200,000, said Jonathan Wolfson, the company's chief executive and co-founder, in an interview.


$8.5 million for 20,000 gallons comes to exactly $425/gallon. $200,000 for 1500 gallons is $133/gallon. What does this mean? I believe that it means nobody else could deliver the quantity and quality of fuel the navy was looking for at a cheaper price.

Oddly enough, Wolfson is also quoted in that article as saying they "are quite close"to their target of $60 to $80 per barrel. If that's the case, why is the navy paying hundreds of dollars per gallon for the fuel?

On the other hand, I am certain that alternative fuel can be delivered to consumers at much lower prices than this. It just won't be at prices they are accustomed to paying for fossil fuels.

          
Sat October 09 2010 09:26:39 AM by Arden 3 solazyme  |  us navy  |  us airforce  |  fossil fuel

A dried-algae process for rocket fuel

Under certain conditions almost anything is possible-just ask Compact Contractors of America LLC.

The Utah-based company has developed a process that, at the right temperatures, dries an algal feedstock resulting in a powdered algae-based fuel.

Using a commercially available spray dryer, CCA?s process draws the oils to the surface of the cells creating a powdered fuel featuring sugars, plant material, cellulose and proteins that all fire at once.

"It does not caramelize and it does not gel, which makes it a good jet fuel," according to Robert Fulton, CCA's chief technologist and founder.

 Apparently the U.S. Air Force thinks so too. The U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory has purchased samples of the powder and will test CCA's product for future use as a solid propellant in rocket or aviation use.


 Fulton says because of the powdered state of the fuel, it remains less affected by lower temperatures.

 And the Air Force isn't the only interested party. CCA has also teamed up with a Pennsylvania State University research team that specializes in powdered fuel delivery systems. 

LUKE GEIVER
Sat October 09 2010 09:11:54 AM by Arden 52 US Ai