Comprehensive Oilgae Report

A detailed report on all aspects of the algae fuel value chain, the Comprehensive Oilgae Report will be of immense help to those who are on the threshold of investing in algae biofuels. More ››

Algae-based Wastewater Treatment

Compiled by a diverse team of experts, with experience in scientific and industrial fields, the Comprehensive Report for Wastewater Treatment Using Algae is the first report that provides in-depth analysis and insights on this important field. It uses innumerable data and information from a wide variety of expert sources and market studies, and distills these inputs and data into intelligence and a roadmap that you can use. More ››

Comprehensive Guide for Algae-based Carbon Capture

A Comprehensive Guide for Entrepreneurs and Businesses Who Wish to get a Basic Understanding of the Business Opportunities and Industry Dynamics of the Algae-based CO2. More ››

Comprehensive Report on Attractive Algae Product Opportunities

This is for entrepreneurs and businesses who wish to get a basic understanding of the algae fuel business and industrThe report provides an overview of the wide range of non-fuel applications of algae – both current and future prospects. It will provide entrepreneurs with an idea of how to derive more benefits from their algal energy ventures. The report provides detailed case studies, success stories and factoids of companies that have been involved in the algae products venture. More ››

Comprehensive Castor Oil Report

There is no other comprehensive report available for castor oil anywhere in the world. This is the first of its kind, and currently, the only one. More ››

Bioplastics Market & Strategy Advisor

Bioplastics Market & Strategy Advisor, published by the Bioplastics Guide, is a unique guiding framework for businesses and entrepreneurs to chart a way forward provides a critical analysis of the status, opportunities & trends of the global bioplastics sector. More ››

Algae - Food and Feed

Edible Sea-weeds 


Animal and Fish Feed

Algae-Useful Substances





Algae for Pollution Control

Other Novel Applications

Flat-plate Photobioreactors

Flat-plate photobioreactors have received much attention for cultivation of photosynthetic microorganisms due to their large illumination surface area. The work presented by Milner (1953) paved way to the use of flat culture vessels for cultivation of algae. Following this work, Samson and Leduy (1985) developed a flat reactor equipped with fluorescence lamps. A year later,  Ramos de Ortega and Roux (1986) developed an outdoor flat panel reactor by using thick transparent PVC materials. As time went on, extensive works on various designs of vertical alveolar panels and flat plate reactors for mass cultivation of different algae were reported (Tredici and Materassi, 1992; Hu et al., 1996; Zhang et al., 2002; Hoekema et al., 2002).

Generally, flat-plate photobioreactors are made of transparent materials for maximum utilization of solar light energy. Accumulation of dissolved oxygen concentrations in flat-plate photobioreactors is relatively low compared to horizontal tubular photobioreactors. It has been reported that with flat-plate photobioreactors, high photosynthetic efficiencies can be achieved (Hu et al., 1996; Richmond, 2000). Flat-plate photobioreactors are very suitable for mass cultures of algae.

  • Large illumination surface area
  • Suitable for outdoor cultures
  • Good for immobilization of algae
  • Good light path
  • Good biomass productivities
  • Relatively cheap
  • Easy to clean up
  • Readily tempered
  • Low oxygen buildup.
  • Scale-up require many compartments and support materials
  • Difficulty in controlling culture temperature
  • Some degree of wall growth
  • Possibility of hydrodynamic stress to some algal strains.

See the following sections in photobioreactor:

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