An alternative to open ponds are closed ponds where the control over the environment is much better than that for the open ponds. Closed Pond systems cost more than the open ponds, and considerably less than photobioreactors for similar areas of operation.
As a variation of the open pond system, the idea behind the closed pond is to close it off, to cover a pond or pool with a greenhouse. While this usually results in a smaller system, it does take care of many of the problems associated with an open system. It allows more species to be grown, it allows the species that are being grown to stay dominant, and it extends the growing season, only slightly if unheated, and if heated it can produce year round. It is also possible to increase the amount of carbon-di-oxide in these quasi-closed systems, thus again increasing the rate of growth of algae.
Usually closed ponds are used in Spirulina cultivation . These Closed systems are constructed using plexiglass.
See the following pagae in Algae Cultivation:
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